Conservation areas are ‘areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance’ (Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990). Several features can contribute to the quality of a conservation area, such as key individual buildings, groups of buildings, a particular road layout or development pattern, trees, open space or a particular streetscape.
Once a conservation area has been designated, the local authority is required to formulate policies and proposals to preserve or enhance their special character or appearance.
Bridgend’s Conservation Areas
There are 15 conservation areas in the County Borough:
- Derllwyn Road, Tondu
- Merthyr Mawr
- Merthyr Mawr Road, Bridgend
- Newcastle Hill, Bridgend
It is important that unsuitable development does not alter the uniqueness of conservation areas and so there are additional planning controls.
- Consent is required for the demolition of most buildings in conservation areas.
- Careful consideration is given to the form, design and detail of architecture within conservation areas when applications for planning permission are determined.
- Six weeks' notice to the local planning authority is required before trees within conservation areas may be cut down, topped or lopped.
In some instances the local authority can impose additional planning controls known as an Article 4 Directions. Such a direction can modify or remove permitted development rights.
Information and advice on conservation areas is available at the Conservation and Environment Policy Section of the Planning Department. A conservation officer is able to provide advice on general planning matters and specific advice on the designated areas in the Country Borough.
A conservation area grant may be available through Cadw, Welsh Historic Monuments. The grant is usually for external works to an historic building which makes a significant contribution towards the preservation and enhancement of the conservation area in which the building is located.