It is illegal to employ a child under the age of 13, and restrictions apply until they reach school leaving age.
Bridgend County Borough Council - Child Employment Byelaws
Bridgend County Borough Council has a set of byelaws setting out the conditions under which children can be employed. These legal requirements ensure that children are :-
- properly registered;
- are not being exploited;
- are undertaking work that could damage their health;
- places them in physical danger; or
- has an adverse effect on their education.
Our byelaws set out permitted areas of employment and those areas of work which have been deemed as ‘unsuitable’ for children under the age of 16.
No child of any age may be employed:
(a) in a cinema, theatre, discotheque, dance hall or night club, except in connection with a performance given entirely by children;
(b) to sell or deliver alcohol, except in sealed containers;
(c) to deliver milk;
(d) to deliver fuel oils;
(e) in a commercial kitchen;
(f) to collect or sort refuse;
(g) in any work which is more than three metres above ground level or, in the case of internal work, more than three metres above floor level;
(h) in employment involving harmful exposure to physical, biological or chemical agents;
(i) to collect money or to sell or canvass door to door, except under the supervision of an adult;
(j) in work involving exposure to adult material or in situations which are for this reason otherwise unsuitable for children;
(k) in telephone sales;
(l) in any slaughterhouse or in that part of any butcher’s shop or other premises connected with the killing of livestock, butchery, or the preparation of carcasses or meat for sale;
(m) as an attendant or assistant in a fairground or amusement arcade or in any other premises used for the purpose of public amusement by means of automatic machines, games of chance or skill or similar devices; and
(n) in the personal care of residents of any residential care home or nursing home unless under the supervision of a responsible adult.
Permitted Employment of Children Aged 14 or Over
A child aged 14 or over may be employed only in light work.
Permitted Employment of Children Aged 13
A child aged 13 may not be employed except in light work in one or more of the following specified categories:
(a) agricultural or horticultural work;
(b) delivery of newspapers, journals and other printed material, and collecting payment for same, subject to the provisions of byelaw;
(c) shop work, including shelf stacking;
(d) hairdressing salons;
(e) office work;
(f) car washing by hand in a private residential setting;
(g) in a cafe or restaurant;
(h) in riding stables; and
(i) domestic work in hotels and other establishments offering accommodation.
Child Employment Work Permits
Businesses intending to employ school-aged children must apply for a Child Employment Permit if they want to employ a child of compulsory school age i.e. 16 years and under. The official date for leaving school is the last Friday in June in the school year in which the pupil is 16.
Employment permits are specific to the child, the employer, the place of work and the type and hours of work. If a young person has more than one job, a permit will be needed for each job.
If you wish to apply for a work permit for a child, please download the application form and return it along with 2 recent passport-sized photos of the child.
For further information about child employment please contact the Learner Support Team on 01656 642637 or email firstname.lastname@example.org .
Useful website: https://www.gov.uk/child-work-permit-england-wales